A material with wide application  and potential for future development

Chemical properties of tungsten carbide

Tungsten carbide (WC) is a kind of hard alloy, composed of carbon and tungsten elements stably combined. Its chemical properties are quite stable, and it is not easy to react with air, acid, alkali and so on at room temperature. In addition, tungsten carbide also has a high melting point and hardness, which allows it to maintain excellent performance in high temperature and high pressure environments.

Physical properties of tungsten carbide

The physical properties of tungsten carbide include its density, hardness, thermal conductivity, etc. Its density is about 15.6g/cm³, and the hardness is second only to diamond, up to 2800-3500MPa. In addition, tungsten carbide also has good thermal conductivity and electrical insulation, so that it is widely used in high temperature and high voltage appliances, semiconductors and other fields.

Preparation method of tungsten carbide

The main methods for preparing tungsten carbide are electrochemical method, reduction method and so on. Electrochemical method is through the electrolysis of metal tungsten and carbon, so that it reacts under certain conditions to produce tungsten carbide. The reduction principle is to react WO-₃ with carbon black at high temperature to form tungsten carbide. These methods can achieve large-scale production to meet the needs of industry.

Tungsten carbide application field

Tungsten carbide has a wide range of applications, including electronics, aviation, automotive and so on. In the field of electronics, tungsten carbide is used as carbide cutting tools, cutting tools, etc., to improve processing efficiency. In the aviation field, tungsten carbide can be used to manufacture aircraft engine parts, aviation structural parts, etc., to improve its high temperature and wear resistance. In the automotive sector, tungsten carbide is used to manufacture engine parts, gears, etc., to improve their wear resistance and corrosion resistance.

Advantages of tungsten carbide

The advantages of tungsten carbide are mainly reflected in the following aspects:

1. High temperature corrosion resistance: Tungsten carbide can still maintain stable chemical properties under high temperature environment, and is not easy to be oxidized and corroded.

2. Oxidation resistance: Tungsten carbide is not easy to oxidize at high temperature, and can effectively resist oxidation erosion.

3. High strength and hardness: Tungsten carbide has a high hardness and strength, can resist high stress and high load environment.

4. Good wear resistance: Tungsten carbide has good wear resistance and can effectively resist friction and wear.

Disadvantages of tungsten carbide

Although tungsten carbide has many advantages, it also has some disadvantages. First of all, the processing of tungsten carbide is difficult and requires special equipment and processes. Secondly, the price of tungsten carbide is relatively high, which limits its application in some fields. In addition, tungsten carbide impact resistance is poor, fragile, need to pay attention to.

Future development trend of tungsten carbide

With the continuous development of science and technology, tungsten carbide has great potential for development in the future. First of all, new types of tungsten carbide materials are constantly being developed, such as nano tungsten carbide, composite tungsten carbide, etc., which have better performance and a wider range of applications. Secondly, new preparation methods and technologies are also emerging, such as chemical vapor deposition, plasma enhancement, etc., which can prepare high-quality tungsten carbide materials more efficiently.

How to use tungsten carbide rationally

To use tungsten carbide reasonably, we must first understand its properties and characteristics, and choose the right tungsten carbide material according to different application needs. Secondly, we should pay attention to the selection of processing technology, avoid excessive processing and high temperature treatment, in order to maintain the performance and stability of tungsten carbide. In addition, we should pay attention to environmental protection and safety issues, and reduce waste generation and environmental impact as much as possible.

In short, tungsten carbide is a material with wide application and future development potential, and its application prospects in various fields are broad. Through continuous research and innovation, we are confident that we will make better use of this excellent material in the future and contribute to the development of human society.

Post time: Aug-18-2023